Paper Types

Paper can be separated into two main categories: uncoated and coated stocks.

Uncoated stocks:

Uncoated stock is paper that has no coated pigment applied to reduce the absorbency or increase the smoothness. The uncoated finishes can be described as vellum, antique, wove, or smooth.

Coated stocks:

A coated stock has a surface coating that has been applied to make the surface more receptive for the reproduction of text and images in order to achieve sharper detail and improved color density. By adding a coated clay pigment, the objective of coating the stock is to improve the smoothness and reduce the absorbency. Coated paper finishes can be categorized as matte, dull, cast, gloss, and high gloss. The coating can be on both sides of the stock (coated two sides, "C2S") or on one side only (coated one side, "C1S").

From these subcategories, paper stocks are then separated into types such as offset, bond, cover, index, and vellum bristol. The following tables show these types, along with their common colors, weights, and uses.


Uncoated - Commercial Printing Papers

Type Popular Colors Popular Weights Uses
Offset White, Ivory, Cream 50, 60, 70, 80, 100 lb. Business Forms, Flyers, Books, Mailers
Vellum Bristol White and Color 57, 67, 100, 120 lb. Mailers, Posters, Advertising
Ledger White, Buff, Greentint 24, 28, 32, 36 lb. Business Forms, File Tabs, Records, Etc.
Cover White and Colors 50, 60, 65, 80, 90, 100, 130 lb. Booklet Covers, Mailers, Menus, Posters
Index White and Colors 90, 100, 140, 170,200 lb. Record Cards, Tab Folders, Booklets
Tag White & Manila 100, 125, 150 lb. Business Forms, Covers, Posters, Work Tags
Railroad Board White and Colors 4, 6, 8 Ply Covers, Posters
Reply Card White 75 lb. Reply Mail, Mailers
Forms Bond White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue, Buff, Gray 15, 20, 24 lb. Business Forms (invoices, statements) Stationery, Flyers, An all purpose paper
Laser Bond White 20, 24 lb. Laser printed Forms, Mailers, Stationery
OCR Bond White 20, 24 lb. Scannable Documents
MICR Bond White 24 lb. Checks, Numbered Documents
Safety Bond White, Canary, Pink, Green, Blue, Gray 24 lb. Checks
Carbonless CB White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue 15, 20, 24, 33 lb. Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)
Carbonless CFB White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue 12.5, 14, 17 lb. Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)
Carbonless CF White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue 15, 20, 27, 33, 105 lb. Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)
Newsprint White 30, 33 lb. Newspapers
Kraft White, Tan, Gray 20, 28, 30, 35, 40, 50, 57, 60, 70 lb. Packaging, Shipping, Envelopes

Coated - Commercial Printing Papers

Type Popular Colors Popular Weights Uses
Offset Bright White 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 Brochures, Folders, Magazines
Cover Bright White 60, 80, 100 lb. Covers, Advertising, Calendars

Fine Papers

Type Popular Colors Popular Weights Uses
Text White and Colors 60, 70, 80 lb. Booklets, Annual Reports, Books, High Quality Applications
Cover White and Colors 50, 60, 65, 80, 90, 100, 130 lb. Booklet Covers, Menus, Posters
Writing White, Natural White, Ivory 20, 24 lb. Stationery
25% & 100% Cotton Bond White 20, 24 lb. Stationery, Deeds, Legal Documents
No. 1 Bond Watermarked White 20, 24 lb. Stationery, Deeds, Legal Documents

Specialty Papers

Type Popular Colors Popular Weights Uses
Dry Gum Label White 20 lb. Labels
Pressure Sensitive Label White, Colors, Fluorescent 50, 60 lb. Labels and Stickers
Digital Imaging White, Bright White 20, 24, 28, 32, 50, 60, and 70 lb. Brochures, Newsletters, Reports, Manuals, Magazines, Folders, Cards

Office and Consumer Papers

Type Popular Colors Popular Weights Uses
Laser Bond White 20, 24 lb. Laser printed Forms and Stationery
Xerographic White 20, 24 lb. Copiers and Printers